Friday, August 30, 2013

Oceanology in Quran

The miracles in Quran are never ending, When I came across these Quran verses, Subhanallah I was astonished.

Oceanology in The Noble Quran

مَرَجَ ٱلْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ
He has let loosed the two seas (the salt water and the sweet) meeting together. [55:19]

بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لَّا يَبْغِيَانِ
Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress. [55:20]

Above lines from the Quran says the seas meet and mix but yet there is a barrier among them, this was a statement which was unable to be answered by earlier commentators.

Recently revealed fact:
Amazing natural phenomenon where the North Sea and Baltic Sea meets, but do not mix with each other!

Modern Science has discovered that in places where two different seas meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier divides the two seas so that each sea has its own temperature, salinity and density. {Principles of Oceanography, Davis, pp. 92-93.} There is an unseen water barrier between the two seas, such that when water from one sea enters the other it loses its specific characteristics and gets homogenized by the other sea.

This phenomenon has yet again been mentioned in the Quran as follows,

"And has set a barrier between the two seas"  [27:61]

And considering the following Quran verse, which speaks of divider between fresh and salt water

 وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى مَرَجَ ٱلْبَحْرَيْنِ هَٰذَا عَذْبٌ فُرَاتٌ وَهَٰذَا مِلْحٌ أُجَاجٌ وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخًا وَحِجْرًا مَّحْجُورًا
And it is He Who has let free the two seas (kinds of water), one palatable and sweet, and the other salt and bitter, and He has set a barrier and a complete partition between them. [25:53]

Now this may lead to a question that Quran is speaking of a partition when it when mentioning the fresh water and salt water, which was not mentioned while speaking of the seas.

Modern Sciences have revealed that in estuaries where fresh water and salt water meet the scenario is quite different from the meeting of two seas. Fresh water is distinguished from salt water in estuaries by a "pycnocline zone with a marked density discontinuity separating the two layers." {Oceanography, Gross, p.242. Also see Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, pp. 300-301 ; Oceanography, Gross, p. 244 and Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, pp.300-301}. This zone of partition has different salinity than that of the fresh water and salt water.

The human eye cannot directly observe these separations and barriers, while it has only just been recently discovered. But these are recorded in the Quran that was revealed to my beloved prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) 1400 years ago, is this not sufficient to know Quran is none but the words of Allah?

 There was just one verse that came into my mind when coming across the science in Quran....

فَبِأَىِّ ءَالَآءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ
Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny? [55:21]